Altınbaş University hosted the Jean Monnet Chair ‘Education in Diversity: Connecting People and Cultures’ from 2015 to 2018. Associate Professor Alper Kaliber at the Department of International Relations coordinated this Erasmus+ project which comprised teaching and research components as well as outreach activities.
As far as teaching is concerned, the Jean Monnet Chair modules have enriched the Department’s curriculum, several courses have been open to all university students in the form of elective courses, thus providing access to European integration courses to students, who would normally not come into contact with this topic. It provided an excellent opportunity to stimulate interdisciplinary research on European studies and has yielded several publications. The details of these publications can be accessed under the conferences and research heading.
This project has envisaged having a special impact on five target groups: 1. Young faculty members at the University, including departments other than International Relations; 2. international students at B.A and M.A levels and Erasmus and other exchange students; 3. school pupils of different ages, who will be reached through the special emphasis placed on Altınbaş University’s “Children’s University” (established in 2013); 4. school teachers who will receive special training on the incorporation of European values into the curriculum; and 5. international scholars who will be invited to participate in JM workshops, conferences and seminars.
The JM Chair has made make a special effort at providing space for intercultural dialogue in various forms. Through its research and teaching agenda (teaching activities, events and deliverables) a substantial contribution has been made to the development of European studies at the department and university, in Turkey, to the international discussion of Turkey-EU relations, to intercultural dialogue, as well as to education and information of non-academic stakeholders like teachers and pupils, civil society members and policy-makers.
Jean Monnet: "Father" of the European Union
Jean Monnet (1888-1979) was born into a small brandy-producing family in Cognac. He left school at 16, and after a period gaining experience of financial affairs in London, he worked for the family business, travelling widely.
In 1915, Jean Monnet was declared unfit for military service, and spent the war instead in the civil service. He rose rapidly to the position of representative of the French government in London.
After the war, Jean Monnet was appointed deputy secretary-general of the League of Nations, but returned to private life when the family firm got into difficulties in 1922. He subsequently became an investment banker and financier.
In the Second World War, Jean Monnet worked first for the British government in Washington, then for Charles de Gaulle in Algiers. He was instrumental in preventing the British and Americans from replacing de Gaully, who in 1946 appointed him as head of the Commissiariat du Plan (French Economic Planning Commission).
Jean Monnet devised both the Schumann Plan and the Pleven Plan for a European Defence Community.
Jean Monnet was the first President of the Hight Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community between 1952 and 1955. Following the defeat of the proposed European Defence Community in the French National Assembly, he resigned from the High Authority to e free to promote further schemes for European integration, setting up the Action Committe for the United States of Europe.
Robert Schumann: The "Schumann Plan"
Robert Schumann: On May 9, 1950, the French Foreign Minister, Robert Schumann, announced at a press conference the following: “We propose to place the entire German-French coal and steel production under the supervision of a high authority, an organization which will be open for participation to other European states. This will be the basis for a European federation...” The idea behind this plan was to prevent further war in Europe. This plan for the establishment of a European Coal and Steel Community is still today called the “Schumann Plan”.
Jean Monnet was the first President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community between 1952 and 1955. Following the defeat of the proposed European Defence Community in the French National Assembly, he resigned from the High Authority to be free to promote further schemes for European integration, setting up the Action Committe for the United States of Europe.
The JM Chair is basically aiming to spread expertise on Europeanization and promote European values and intercultural dialogue among diverse groups of persons. It is envisaged to have a special impact on five target groups: 1. young faculty members at the University, including departments other than International Relations; 2. an increasing number of international students (as Turkey and Altınbaş University are becoming and increasingly attractive education destination) predominantly from the Middle East, Caucasus, and African countries (around 350 university-wide at the moment) and Erasmus and other exchange students; 3. school pupils of different ages, who will be reached through the special emphasis placed on Altınbaş University’s “Children’s University” (established in 2013); 4. school teachers who will receive special training on the incorporation of European values into the curriculum; and 5. international scholars who will be invited to participate in JM workshops, conferences and seminars. A specialized website, news releases on the occasion of JM events and a proposed book will lend necessary visibility and transparency to the project.
Taking into account the European Commission’s annual progress reports on Turkey, the topics of equality and justice appear to be the foremost European values, which deserve special emphasis in the context of Turkey’s ongoing candidacy for EU membership. The European Year for Development 2015 seems to be the right time to launch a JM Chair in Turkey by placing its emphasis on the explanation and promotion of European values. At the same time, intercultural dialogue needs to be placed at the center of Turkey-EU Relations. Through its proposed activities, the new Jean Monnet Chair is expected to make a significant impact in this area.The proposed JM Chair will make a special effort at providing space for intercultural dialogue in various forms. It is expected that through the proposed program (teaching activities, events and deliverables) a substantial contribution will be made to the development of European studies at the department and university, in Turkey, to the international discussion of Turkey-EU relations, to intercultural dialogue, as well as to education and information of non-academic stakeholders like teachers and pupils, civil society members and policy-makers.
The Jean Monnet Programme will be very instrumental in reaching out to larger groups of civil society in Turkey in order to sustain the Europeanization process. One of the striking innovations of the proposed Chair is that it will ensure that European integration and European values will also reach secondary school pupils and teachers through the Children’s University at Altınbaş University, founded in 2012. As Altınbaş University is the only university located in the Bağcılar District, the largest and one of the most diverse (including large numbers of Syrian refugees and Kurdish migrants) areas in Istanbul, the JM chair will have immense opportunities for social outreach and impact. Next to other ongoing projects at Altınbaş University (particularly the Children’s University), the existing JM module of Prof. Kaiser, has already produced a well-working synergy with the Local Governor’s Office in Bağcılar.
In addition, a large impact is expected on the growing number of international students (350 at the moment) from a variety of countries in the Middle East and Africa. From the beginning of their studies at Altınbaş University (orientation week) they will be introduced to the JM chair activities and opportunities (lectures, fieldtrips etc.). Thus, in time, they will take the acquired expertise on European integration far beyond the borders of Turkey. For Turkish students, the specialized courses of the JM chair will provide very important training and distinguished career opportunities in a country that is engaged in accession negotiations with the EU, and is in need of EU experts at all levels of governance and civil society.
The target groups of this project are mainly school pupils, university students, who would usually not be introduced to the European Studies field, students originating from non-EU countries, EU countries, and members of the local district authorities responsible for the implementation of national education curriculum. For these purposes, 4 courses, 4 workshops for the Children’s University, 4 field trips, 3 public lectures, 1 workshop for the spreading of JM activities at other universities, 1 conference and high-level research on the Europeanization of Turkey’s migration and integration policies, 1 website, 1 E-book, and several advocacy programs are proposed in this project. Each event will be evaluated by the participants themselves through survey technique in order to make sure that the JM Chair holder and her team will get feedback for the improvement of the JM Chair as well as for the formulation of future projects. Finally, the JM Chair will make sure in using both conventional and non-conventional techniques of dissemination such as the publications, websites, press releases, and social media that the activities will be disseminated in the widest possible manner.
Associate Professor Alper KALIBER (Jean Monnet Chair)
Alper Kaliber has been working in the Department of International Relations at Altınbaş University since 2014. Previously he worked as a Marie Curie research fellow at European Institute, Istanbul Bilgi University where he conducted a research project titled ‘Europeanisation of Public Debates and Civil Society in Turkey’ funded within the framework of the EC’s Marie Curie Career Integration Grant. He completed his PhD in Political Science at Bilkent University, Turkey. Dr. Kaliber served as a research fellow at the University of Birmingham and he worked as a consultant and researcher in the SHUR project ‘Human Rights in Conflicts: The Role of Civil Society’, funded by the European Commission’s 6th Framework Programme. He previously taught on European security, European Integration, Turkey and the European Union relations, foreign policy analysis and international relations theories at Sabanci, Yaşar, Istanbul Bilgi universities and at the University of Birmingham. His areas of interest include Critical and Regional Security Studies, European security, the Cyprus conflict, Europeanisation, civil society and conflict transformation and Turkish foreign policy. His articles have been published in various internationally standing journals including International Relations, Security Dialogue and South European Society and Politics. He was awarded with Young Scientist Award by Turkey’s Science Academy (BAGEP) in 2014. He currently runs a Jean Monnet module on European Security, which can be accessed here.
Esra Kaliber, M.A (assistant to the JM Chair)
Esra Kaliber in an instructor in the Department of International Relations at Altınbaş University. Previously she worked in Okan University and Istanbul Bilgi University in Turkey. She holds a B.A in Translation and Interpreting from Bilkent University, Turkey and an M.A in International Studies (European Integration) from the University of Birmingham, UK. Esra Kaliber acts as the general assistant of the project, liaises with the Project and Research Support Office of to manage the project’s finances, manages the extra-curricular activities of the project.
Ceren Sarısaltık Gedikoğlu, MA (Head of the Research and Innovation Department)
Ceren Sarısaltık Gedikoğlu is the Head of the Research and Innovation Department at Altınbaş University and is the manager of the project’s finances. She is currently a PhD candidate in International Relations at Altınbaş University.
Former project contributors:
Prof. Dr. Bianca Kaiser (retired, former JM Chair)
Bianca Kaiser is a former member of the Department of International Relations and at Altınbaş University. She engaged in raising interdisciplinary interest in European integration by introducing EU-related courses into the curriculum and organizing seminars. Previously she carried out four different Jean Monnet Projects: two European modules, a summer school on intercultural dialogue, and a Jean Monnet Chair. She held the Jean Monnet Chair in European Political Integration at Istanbul Kültür University (2005-11), where she also acted as founder and Director of the European and International Center (2002-2011) overseeing the formulation and implementation of the University’s overall Europeanization and internationalization strategy. Her main academic interests are international migration, particularly migration flows from the European Union into Turkey, Germany’s European Policy, German-Turkish relations, and issues of intercultural dialogue in Turkey-EU relations.
Assist. Prof. Dr. Didem Buhari Gülmez (former JM Chair)
Didem Buhari Gülmez is a former member of the Department of International Relations and at Altınbaş University. She was previously a postdoctoral TUBITAK visiting fellow at London School of Economics and Political Science. She taught at Oxford Brookes University and University of London. Her main research interests are: Turkish politics and society, Europeanization, and globalization. Some of her publications are: (2017) Europeanization in a Global Context: Integrating Turkey into the World Polity, Palgrave MacMillan; (2016) Global Culture: Consciousness and Connectivity (co-edited with R. Robertson) Ashgate; (2015) Special issue: Europe and World Society. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 23(2) (co-edited with C. Rumford); (2010) Stanford School on Sociological Institutionalism: a Global Cultural Approach. International Political Sociology 4(3), 253–70. She is also an active researcher in the field of European studies.
Prof.Dr. Karen E. Smith (London School of Economics and Political Science)
Karen E. Smith is Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Since 2004, she is also the Director of the European Foreign Policy Unit within the International Relations Department at LSE. Her research interests include European Union foreign policy, EU-UN relations, the role of ethics in foreign policy, especially the EU’s pursuit of human rights and democracy in its external relations. She has published extensively in these areas. Her most recent book is entitled Genocide and the Europeans (Cambridge University Press, 2010). In 2012, she served as the co-chair of the Task Force on EU Prevention of Mass Atrocities, an initiative of the Foundation for the International Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities. During the 2011-2012 academic year, she organised a series of ten roundtables on “EU Foreign Policy after Lisbon,” which was funded by the EU’s Jean Monnet Programme.
Prof.Dr. Ayhan Kaya (Istanbul Bilgi University)
Ayhan Kaya is Professor of Politics and Jean Monnet Chair of European Politics of Interculturalism at the Department International Relations, Istanbul Bilgi University. He is also the Director of the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence and European Institute at Istanbul Bilgi University. He has carried out numerous projects, among them a European Module on migration and, lately, a project about “The EU at School”. His mains research areas include Euro-Turks in Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands, Circassian diaspora in Turkey, the construction and articulation of modern diasporic identities, and internally discplaced people in Turkey. Ayhan Kaya has received the Turkish Social Science Association Prize in 2003, the Turkish Sciences Academy (TÜBA-GEBİP) Prize in 2005, and the Sedat Simavi Research Prize in 2005. In 2013, he has been elected as a member to the Academy of Sciences.
Assist.Prof.Dr. Aysuda Kölemen Luge (Altınbaş University)
Aysuda Kölemen Luge is a former member of the Department of International Relations and at Altınbaş University. She received her PhD in Political Science at the University of Georgia, Athens, USA in 2010. She completed her Master’s degree in the Department of International Relations at Marmara University. She graduated from the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Bosphorus University. Her fields of study interest are social policies and public opinion on the welfare state in EU countries.
Jean Monnet Chair Assoc. Prof. Alper Kaliber made the following publications since 2016:
* Alper Kaliber & Senem Aydin Duzgit (eds.), 'Is Turkey De Europeanising? Encounters with Europe in a Candidate Country', London: Routledge, 2017. For the details of this manuscript, click here.
* Alper Kaliber, ‘Encounters with Europe in an Era of Domestic and International Turmoil: Is Turkey a De-Europeanising Candidate Country?’, in special issue ‘Is Turkey De-Europeanising? Encounters with Europe in a Candidate Country’, in South European Society and Politics, 21 (1) 2016, pp. 1-14. The article can be accessed here.
* Alper Kaliber, ‘De-Europeanisation of Civil Society And Public Debates In Turkey: The Kurdish Question Revisited’ in special issue, ‘Is Turkey De-Europeanising? Encounters with Europe in a Candidate Country’, in South European Society and Politics, 21 (1) 2016, pp. 59-74. The article can be accessed here.
Forthcoming: The research findings of the Jean Monnet project will be published in a special issue in International Spectator in mid-2019. This special issue will bring together ten academics to explore and discuss the EU’s impact on different domestic and foreign policy issues in Turkey at a time denoting the 60th anniversary of the first initiative of Turkey for EU membership. It will present a comprehensive analysis of the impact of Europeanization and de-Europeanization dynamics in various policy fields including foreign policy, migration, energy security, customs union.
*Please see the latest newsletter of the Jean Monnet Chair here
European integration has delivered half a century of stability, peace and economic prosperity. It has helped to raise standards of living, built an internal market, launched the euro and strengthened the Union's voice in the world.
The European Union (EU) was set up after the 2nd World War. The process of European integration was launched on 9 May 1950 when France officially proposed to create 'the first concrete foundation of a European federation'. Six countries (Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) joined from the very beginning. Today, after six waves of accessions (1973: Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom; 1981: Greece; 1986: Spain and Portugal; 1995: Austria, Finland and Sweden 2004: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia 2007: Bulgaria and Romania) the EU has 27 Member States and is preparing for the accession of Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic Macedonia and Turkey.
The European Union is based on the rule of law and democracy. It is neither a new State replacing existing ones nor is it comparable to other international organizations. Its Member States delegate sovereignty to common institutions representing the interests of the Union as a whole on questions of joint interest. All decisions and procedures are derived from the basic treaties ratified by the Member States.
Principal objectives of the Union are: Establish European citizenship (Fundamental rights; Freedom of movement; Civil and political rights); Ensure freedom, security and justice (Cooperation in the field of Justice and Home Affairs); Promote economic and social progress (Single market; Euro, the common currency; Job creation; Regional development; Environmental protection); Assert Europe's role in the world (Common foreign and security; The European Union in the world).
The EU is run by five institutions, each playing a specific role:
• European Parliament (elected by the peoples of the Member States);
• Council of the Union (composed of the governments of the Member States);
• European Commission (driving force and executive body);
• Court of Justice (compliance with the law);
• Court of Auditors (sound and lawful management of the EU budget).
Five further bodies are part of the institutional system:
• European Economic and Social Committee (expresses the opinions of organised civil society on economic and social issues);
• Committee of the Regions (expresses the opinions of regional and local authorities on regional policy, environment, and education);
• European Ombudsman (deals with complaints from citizens concerning maladministration by an EU institution or body);
• European Investment Bank (contributes to EU objectives by financing public and private long-term investments);
• European Central Bank (responsible for monetary policy and foreign exchange operations).
• A number of further agencies and bodies complete the system. (taken from the EU’s official website at:http://europa.eu.int/index_en.htm)
The European Union’s monthly newsletter can be downloaded at: http://europa.eu.int/newsletter/previous_en.htm
|European Union Links|
|European Union's Official Website||http://europa.eu.int|
|The Presidency of the European Union||http://www.eu2009.cz/en|
|Council of the European Union||http://ue.eu.int|
|The European Commission||http://europa.eu.int/comm/index_en.htm|
|EU Commission's Website for Enlargement||http://europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/index.htm|
|Directorates General and Services of the European Union||http://europa.eu.int/comm/dgs_en.htm|
|The Agencies of the European Community||http://europa.eu.int/agencies/index_en.htm|
|RAPID - The European Commission’s Press Service||http://europa.eu/rapid/|
|Court of Justice of the European Communities||http://www.curia.eu.int|
|European Central Bank||http://www.ecb.int|
|The European Court of Auditors||http://www.eca.eu.int/EN/menu.htm|
|The European Ombudsman||http://www.euro-ombudsman.eu.int/|
|Office for Official Publications of the European Communities||http://publications.europa.eu/|
|European Police Office (Europol)||http://www.europol.europa.eu/|
|European Body for the Enhancement of Judicial Co-operation (Eurojust)||http://www.eurojust.europa.eu/|
|European Institute for Security Studies (ISS)||http://www.iss.europa.eu/|
|European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC)||http://www.eusc.org/|
|European Economic and Social Committee||http://eesc.europa.eu/index_en.asp|
|European Committee of the Regions||http://www.cor.eu.int/|
|Europa Newsletter (free subscription)||http://europa.eu.int/newsletter/index_en.htm|
|Official Documents of the European Union||http://europa.eu.int/documents/index_en.htm|
|Information Sources and Contacts about the European Union||http://europa.eu.int/geninfo/info-en.htm|
|Statistical Office of the European Commission (Eurostat)||http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1090,30070682,1090_33076576&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL|
|European Governments On-line||http://europa.eu.int/abc/governments/index_en.htm#members|
|Council of European Municipalities and Regions||http://www.ccre.org/|
|Information on the Euro||http://www.euro.gov.uk/home.asp|
Europe Day held on 9 May every year celebrates peace and unity in Europe. The date marks the anniversary of the historical 'Schuman declaration'. At a speech in Paris in 1950, Robert Schuman, the then French foreign minister, set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which would make war between Europe’s nations unthinkable.
His vision was to create a European institution that would pool and manage coal and steel production. A treaty creating such a body was signed just under a year later. Schuman’s proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.
Open doors at EU institutions
To celebrate Europe Day, the EU institutions open their doors to the public in early May in Brussels and Strasbourg. Local EU offices in Europe and all over the world organise a variety of activities and events for all ages.
Each year thousands of people take part in visits, debates, concerts and other events to mark the day and raise awareness about the EU.
European studies and research organizations
European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Website: http://www.essex.ac.uk/ecpr/
European Union Studies Association (EUSA)
European Communities Studies association (ECSA)
The University Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES)
Academic and Research Positions in the EU
For information and new entries, please visit:http://www.academicjobseu.com/
The European Researchers' Mobility Portal
The European Commission's "The European Researchers' Mobility Portal" includes current grants and fellowships, research job vacancies – in the EU, at national as well as international level. It also provides practical information on the research activities of the EU (The European Research Area, Framework Progams, etc.)The portal is available at http://europa.eu.int/eracareers/index_en.cfm
ECPR Research Market
For information and new entries, please visit: http://www.ecprnet.org/researchmarket/search.asp
Jean Monnet Success Stories
INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIPS AND TRAINEESHIPS
Detailed information about http://www.eurunion.org/infores/teaching/
scholarships and traineeships Young/studyingabout.htm
Marie Curie fellowships http://www.mariecurie.org/
Swedish Institute scholarships http://www.si.se
General education opportunities in http://www.worldstudent.com
On-line database http://www.eurodesk.org
Search engines for scholarships http://www.iefa.org/
Fulbright scholarships http://www.fulbrightalumni.org.tr/
Institute for the international http://www.iesabroad.org/
education of students
Postgraduate scholarships http://www.yok.gov.tr/component/option,com_
Jean Monnet scholarships http://www.jeanmonnet.org.tr/web/
Jean Monnet Fellowships for http://www.iue.it/Servac/Postdoctoral/
Research at the European JeanMonnetFellowships/
University Institute in Florence, Italy
EU Programmes for http://www.study-in-europe.org/
PLOTEUS, the Portal on Learning http://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/home.jsp
Opportunities throughout the ?language=en
Dr. Alper Kaliber
Jean Monnet Chair
Department of International Relations
Address: Esentepe Mahallesi, Büyükdere Caddesi No 147
Esentepe Istanbul, Turkey
Phone: +90 212 604 0100 (ext. 2168)
Fax: +90 212 4459255
The research findings of the project will be published as a special issue in International Spectator in mid-2019. This special issue will explore and discuss the EU’s impact on different domestic and foreign policy issues in Turkey at a time denoting the 60th anniversary of the first initiative of Turkey for EU membership. It will present a comprehensive analysis of the impact of Europeanization and de-Europeanization dynamics in various policy fields including foreign policy, migration, energy security, customs union. This special issue is of significant contemporary interest, in the light of current debates on Turkey’s relations with the European states and institutions. The empirical data it will produce are politically relevant, timely and usable by academics and policy-makers who wish to acquire a profound understanding of Turkey-EU relations and its impacts on Turkish politics.
Please see the latest newsletter of the Jean Monnet Chair here